Across the tropics, cocoa farming has historically followed a “boom and bust” cycle. Production peaks in each country for a few decades before farms become susceptible to cocoa tree diseases and soil exhaustion.
In Indonesia, cocoa is now booming: production is rising and the world’s largest traders and processors are expanding their operations. But can Indonesia’s farmers ride this wave sustainably and avoid a bust that may threaten their livelihoods? Can the cocoa industry keep growing without degrading land and depleting biodiversity?